My work concerns the ecological horizons of human aspiration. The tension between these spheres, human and ecological, seems to have reached a breaking point. And yet it remains the case that human being owes its potential for change to environmental elements and relations of countless kinds. The sudden cry of a songbird, an ominous hum in the air, the tug of an image on a screen: these things of the world, in all their force and frailty, are knotted into the architecture of our minds and bodies. Such convolutions—inside and outside, matter and spirit, human and nonhuman—challenge us to ford the divide between object and method of our inquiries, and to try instead to think with the unpredictable life of the worlds in which we find ourselves. Anthropology can help with this task, for it is, most simply, a science of experience, a continuous deflection of thought through the vicissitudes of earthly life.
Over the last decade or so, I've had the chance to pursue a few such experiments in living and thinking with others. A new book based on years of fieldwork with Tamil filmmakers, artists, musicians, and craftsmen, Reel World: An Anthropology of Creation grapples with the turbulent ecology of creative process. Ayya's Accounts: A Ledger of Hope in Modern India (2014; also in Tamil) takes my grandfather's life in Burma and India as an aperture for a century of tremendous aspiration and upheaval. Crooked Stalks: Cultivating Virtue in South India (2009) explores postcolonial landscapes, and the ethical lives of those who tend them, as fields of moral and agrarian cultivation. A new project focuses on plastic and plasticity as the stuff of contemporary dreams and nightmares, with fieldwork underway in industrial, artistic, and activist milieus in the United States, India, and beyond. What these projects have in common is a concern for the openness and malleability of human nature, and the means of its transformation in ethical, material, and historical terms.
Claude Levi-Strauss says that structuralism first struck him one Sunday afternoon in 1940, as he was lying in a patch of grass and contemplating the seedheads of a dandelion. I can't think of a better image for the wildly collaborative nature of anthropology, which seems always to be drifting along from place to place with stowaway friends and ideas. Forthcoming from Duke University Press is a book of ventures in "Literary Anthropology," based on a workshop that I organized with Stuart McLean at the School of American Research in 2013. Cymene Howe and I are co-editing a "Lexicon for an Anthropocene Yet Unseen" for Cultural Anthropology's Theorizing the Contemporary series. I worked closely with Tamil film director M. Sasikumar to publish an English translation of his pathbreaking screenplay Subramaniyapuram in 2014, accompanied by a series of critical essays. I co-edited Ethical Life in South Asia (2010) with medieval historian Daud Ali, while Race, Nature, and the Politics of Difference (2003) was co-edited with Donald Moore and Jake Kosek. I also serve on the Executive Board of the Society for Cultural Anthropology.